Jamaican Cult Music

Jamaican Cult Music

Various Artists FW04461 / FE 4461

The year 1862 brought a wave of Baptist missionaries to Jamaica, thus beginning the Great Revival. In a melding of fundamentalist Christian practices with African religious and magical beliefs, Revival Zion shepherds (ministers) led followers in a musical "laboring in the spirit." Of special note in these recordings is the audible trumping, or the "trampling" of evil spirits to a rhythmic foot-stamping, which is accompanied by a heavy rhythmic breathing (hyperventilation) that often leads to possession. In sharp contrast, this compilation also includes recordings of hymns that hit West Kingston in the 1930s emergence of Rastafarianism, another religious cult that sees itself in part as a counter to Revivalist cults, as well as the secular kumina drumming and junkanoo music.

Year Released 1954
Record Label Folkways Records
Source Archive Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
Copyright 2004 Smithsonian Folkways Recordings / 1954 Folkways Records
Genre(s) Caribbean; Sacred; World
Country(s) Jamaica
Instrument(s) Drum
Subject(s) World music

Download Liner Notes

101 Uplifting Table (Revival Zion) n/a 3:28
102 Uplifting Table (Revival Zion) n/a 2:06
103 Uplifting Table (Revival Zion) n/a 2:10
104 Preparation for Baptism Table (Revival Zion) n/a 1:19
105 Preparation for Baptism Table (Revival Zion) n/a 2:53
106 Preparation for Baptism Table (Revival Zion) n/a 2:15
107 Church Dedication Service (Cavaliers Church) n/a 1:57
201 Revivalist Week-Day Service n/a 1:49
202 Revivalist Week-Day Service n/a 4:11
203 Sunday Evening Service n/a 3:06
204 Sunday Night Service n/a 3:29
205 Ras Tafari Youth Group (We Are Going Home) n/a 1:54
206 Ras Tafari Youth Group (King So High) n/a 1:38
207 Cumina Drumming n/a 3:00
208 John Canoe Music n/a 1:53
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