Bongo, Backra & Coolie: Jamaican Roots, Vol. 2

Bongo, Backra & Coolie: Jamaican Roots, Vol. 2

Various Artists FW04232 / FE 4232

Jamaican folk music blends African, European and East Indian (in dialect: Bongo, Backra and Coolie) roots into something distinctly Jamaican. Revival Zion, an Afro-Christian religious cult influenced by the early 19th century Myal cults and American missionaries (largely Baptist), involves possession led by a body of music comprised of Christian hymns, choruses, bands choruses and blowing tunes. Possession is uniquely defined by a heavy rhythmic breathing often called “trumping”; this practice is clearly audible on this recording. Quadrille (“katreel”) music hearkens back to the colonial era when slaves learned European dance forms for the entertainment of the Europeans, but it quickly became a fully appropriated fiddle music for the entertainment of the non-Europeans following the fall of slavery. On these recordings, the instrumentation includes bamboo fife, guitars and four-string banjo. Fife and drum music is often associated with junkanoo festivities surrounding the Christmas season that involves energetic dancing intended for “jollification.” Volume One (FW04231) includes music of kumina and convince cults and “Hindustani” dance music.


RELATED LESSON PLAN
"The Sounds of an Island: Jamaican Music for the Classroom"


Year Released 1975
Record Label Folkways Records
Source Archive Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
Copyright 2004 Smithsonian Folkways Recordings / 1975 Folkways Records
Genre(s) Caribbean; World
Country(s) Jamaica
Subject(s) World music
Credits

Download Liner Notes


101 Zion Revival: Chorus Revival Zion drummers, singers, dancers 3:52
102 Zion Revival: Chorus Revival Zion singers, female dancers 4:00
103 Nine Nights Set Up Song: Band of Holy Angels Wake singers, guitarist 3:41
104 Quadrille Band: Round Dance St. Ann quadrille band 3:02
105 Quadrille Band: Quadrille 1st figure St. Ann quadrille band 0:45
106 Quadrille Band: Quadrille 3rd figure St. Ann quadrille band 2:13
201 Quadrille Band: Quadrille 4th figure St. Ann quadrille band 3:36
202 Quadrille Band: Jane and Luisa St. Ann quadrille band 3:45
203 Fife and Drum: John Canoe Music St. Ann fife and drum band 2:46
204 Fife and Drum: Ballerina/John Canoe St. Ann fife and drum band 3:29
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